This section provides information, resources, and reports for Federal agencies related to national security and intelligence.
Counterintelligence: information gathered and activities conducted to identify, deceive, exploit, disrupt, or protect against espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or assassinations conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations, or persons, or their agents, or international terrorist organizations or activities. Exec. Order No. 12333, United States Intelligence Activities.
Foreign Intelligence: information relating to the capabilities, intentions, or activities of foreign governments or elements thereof, foreign organizations, foreign persons, or international terrorists. Exec. Order No. 12333, United States Intelligence Activities.
Intelligence: includes foreign intelligence and counterintelligence. Exec. Order No. 12333, United States Intelligence Activities.
Intelligence Activities: all activities that elements of the Intelligence Community are authorized to conduct pursuant to this order. Exec. Order No. 12333, United States Intelligence Activities.
Intelligence Community: elements of the Intelligence Community refers to:
(1) The Office of the Director of National Intelligence;
(2) The Central Intelligence Agency;
(3) The National Security Agency;
(4) The Defense Intelligence Agency;
(5) The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency;
(6) The National Reconnaissance Office;
(7) The other offices within the Department of Defense for the collection of specialized national foreign intelligence through reconnaissance programs;
(8) The intelligence and counterintelligence elements of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps;
(9) The intelligence elements of the Federal Bureau of Investigation;
(10) The Office of National Security Intelligence of the Drug Enforcement Administration;
(11) The Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence of the Department of Energy;
(12) The Bureau of Intelligence and Research of the Department of State;
(13) The Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of the Treasury;
(14) The Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of Homeland Security;
(15) The intelligence and counterintelligence elements of the Coast Guard; and
(16) Such other elements of any department or agency as may be designated by the President, or designated jointly by the Director and the head of the department or agency concerned, as an element of the Intelligence Community.
United States Person: a United States citizen, an alien known by the intelligence element concerned to be a permanent resident alien, an unincorporated association substantially composed of United States citizens or permanent resident aliens, or a corporation incorporated in the United States, except for a corporation directed and controlled by a foreign government or governments. Exec. Order No. 12333, United States Intelligence Activities
Resources Primarily about National Security/Intelligence
United States Intelligence Activities, Exec. Order No. 12333 (46 FR 59941, Dec. 8, 1981), amended by Exec. Order 13284 (68 FR 4057, Jan. 28, 2003), Exec. Order 13355 (69 FR 53593, Sept. 1, 2004), and Exec. Order 13470 (73 FR 45325, Aug. 4, 2008)
Blocking Property and Prohibiting Transactions with Persons Who Commit, Threaten To Commit, or Support Terrorism, Exec. Order No. 13224 (66 FR 49079, Sep. 25, 2001), as amended by Exec. Order 13268 (67 FR 44751, July 3, 2002), Exec. Order 13284 (68 FR 4075, January 28, 2003), and Exec. Order 13372 (70 FR 8499, February 18, 2005)
Establishing the Office of Homeland Security and the Homeland Security Council, Exec. Order No. 13228 (66 FR 51812, October 10, 2001), amended by Exec. Order 13284 (68 FR 4075, January 28, 2003) and Exec. Order 13286 (68 FR 10619, March 5, 2003)
Office of the Director of National Intelligence
Tip: ODNI’s Office of Civil Liberties, Privacy and Transparency (CLPT) created this “transparency tracker” document to track, categorize, and chart the information being released to the public on IC on the Record for the purpose of assisting the public in identifying and retrieving relevant information, facilitating research, and gauging the effectiveness of the IC’s transparency efforts since August 2013.
Tip: Executive Order 13636, Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity, requires that senior agency officials for privacy and civil liberties assess the privacy and civil liberties impacts of the activities their respective departments and agencies have undertaken to implement the Executive Order, and to publish their assessments annually in a report compiled by the DHS Privacy Office and Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties.
Tip: The Transparency Implementation Plan sets forth a strategy for institutionalizing transparency in the Intelligence Community, as directed by the DNI in 2014. The implementation plan describes the gaps and challenges in achieving transparency and identifies specific priorities and initiatives for each of the four Principles of Intelligence Transparency. The implementation plan addresses a cultural reform that seeks to transition a community predisposed to making little information public into a community resolved to engage in greater public transparency.
Tip: In February 2015, the Director of National Intelligence published the Principles of Intelligence Transparency for the Intelligence Community. These Principles are intended to facilitate Intelligence Community decisions on making information publicly available in a manner that enhances public understanding of intelligence activities, while continuing to protect information when disclosure would harm national security.
Tip: This was the first of the required annual reports. It includes the DHS Privacy Office’s and Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties’ assessments of certain DHS activities under Section 4 of the Executive Order (enhanced threat information sharing with the private sector) as well as assessments conducted independently by the Department of the Treasury and the Departments of Defense, Justice, Commerce, Health and Human Services, Transportation, and Energy, and by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence and the General Services Administration.
Tip: Executive Order 12333 was originally issued by President Ronald Reagan in 1981. It was most recently revised and re-issued by President George W. Bush in 2008. The ODNI’s Office of Civil Liberties, Privacy and Transparency originally prepared this information paper in August 2008 and made it available to interested members of the public, to describe the civil liberties and privacy protections incorporated in the 2008 revision of Executive Order12333. In August, 2013, CLPT reformatted the content of that original paper for posting on www.dni.gov.
Tip: The United States Intelligence Community draws much of its authority and guidance from the body of law contained in this reference book. The Intelligence Community Legal Reference Book is intended to be a useful resource to professionals across the federal government.
Tip: All intelligence professionals are required to conduct themselves in accordance with certain basic principles. These principles are stated in the Principles of Professional Ethics for the Intelligence Community, and reflect the standard of ethical conduct expected of all Intelligence Community personnel, regardless of individual role or agency affiliation.
Tip: Provides the Office of Civil Liberties, Privacy and Transparency’s strategic roadmap for enhancing the Intelligence Community’s framework for protecting civil liberties and privacy, highlighting four high-level goals relating to civil liberties and privacy to obtain the trust of the American people. The goals focus on protecting civil liberties and privacy through policy implementation, ensuring compliance with the Constitution and laws, handling complaints of possible abuses of civil liberties, and providing transparency.
Tip: This guidance, issued by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Office of Civil Liberties, Privacy and Transparency, is intended for personnel working in the United States Intelligence Community who obtain and/or use information that is available to the general public.